Australopithecus anamensis

Australopithecus anamensis Reconstruction ©

Australopithecus anamensis Reconstruction

Name:                                Australopithecus anamensis.

Other names:                 –

Age:                                   4.2 – 3.9 million years ago.

Height:                              The height of an average chimpanzee.

Weight:                            The weight of an average chimpanzee.

Brain Size:                       Unknown


                • Long forearms
                • Thick built

Diet:                                    Ate mostly plants and some hard food like nuts.

Culture:                             Lived in the trees and also on the ground.

Tool Culture:                  None known

Date Discovered:

  • First bone fragment discovered in 1965 but could not be attributed to any known hominid. In 1994 more remains were uncovered at the same site and attributed to anemensis.

Area Discovered:           Hadar, Ethiopia, Africa

Who Discovered:          First fragments by Bryan Patterson and the later fragments by                                                  Meave Leaky.


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  • Campbell. B. G. 2009. Human Evolution: An Introduction to Man’s Adaptions. Jersey, USA: Transaction Publishers.
  • Collins. D., Whitehouse. R., Henig. M., & Whitehouse. D. 1973. Background to Archaeology: Britain and its European Setting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cunliffe. B. 2001. The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feder. K. L. 2007. The Past in Perspective: An Introduction to Human Prehistory. London: McGraw Hill.
  • Gamble. C. 1999. The Palaeolithic Societies of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Khanna. D. R. 2004. Human Evolution. New Delhi, India: Discovery Publishing House.
  • Turnbaugh. W. A., Jurmain. R., Kilgore. L., & Nelson. H. 2002. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology. 8th Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  • Australopithecus anamensis bone  –

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