Australopithecus africanus

Australopithecus africanus Taung Child ©Wiki Commons

Australopithecus africanus Taung Child
©Wiki Commons

Name:                                Australopithecus africanus

Other names:                 Tuang Baby; Mrs. Ples

Age:                                    3.3 – 2.1 million years ago

Height:                              1.1 – 1.4m tall (3½ – 5 foot)

Weight:                             Males 41 kg (90 lbs); Females 30 kg (66 lbs)

Brain Size:                       420 – 550 cc

Description:                    Long arms, small teeth, walked upright, could still climb fairly                                                     well.

Diet:                                    Fruit, plants, nuts, seeds, roots, eggs, and insects

Culture:

Tool Culture:                  None known

Date Discovered:           1924

Area Discovered:           Sterkfontein, South Africa

Who Discovered:           Prof. Raymond Dart

 

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References

  • Campbell. B. G. 2009. Human Evolution: An Introduction to Man’s Adaptions. Jersey, USA: Transaction Publishers.
  • Collins. D., Whitehouse. R., Henig. M., & Whitehouse. D. 1973. Background to Archaeology: Britain and its European Setting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cunliffe. B. 2001. The Oxford Illustrated History of Prehistoric Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Feder. K. L. 2007. The Past in Perspective: An Introduction to Human Prehistory. London: McGraw Hill.
  • Gamble. C. 1999. The Palaeolithic Societies of Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Khanna. D. R. 2004. Human Evolution. New Delhi, India: Discovery Publishing House.
  • Turnbaugh. W. A., Jurmain. R., Kilgore. L., & Nelson. H. 2002. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology. 8th Edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

 

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