Name: Archaic Homo Sapiens
Other names: Rhodesia Man; Swanscombe Man; Heidelberg Man
Age: 400,000 – 300,000 years ago
Height: Males 1.75 m (5′ 9″); Females 1.57m (5′ 2″)
Weight: Males 62 kg (136 lbs); Females 51 kg (112 lbs)
Brain Size: 1100 – 1400 cc
- Considered to be between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens
- Large variety of forms within this classification
- Spread across the world – Africa, Europe, India and China
Diet: Hunted large to medium mammals – elephants, hippo, rhino, horse and deer.
- They controlled fire
- Burned wood for fire and tool production
- Used mainly natural shelters but also built their own when needed
- Shared food
- Possible ritual activity with burials – evidence found at Atapuerca, Spain.
Tool Culture: Acheulian
- Fire altered tools
- Wooden spears
- Hafted points
- Hand axes
- Heidelberg Man – 1908
- Rhodesia Man – 1921
- Swanscombe Man – 1935
- Heidelberg Man – Rösch, Nr. Heidelberg, Germany
- Rhodesia Man – North Rhodesia, Africa
- Swanscombe Man – Swanscombe, Kent, England
- Heidelberg Man – Workmen
- Rhodesia Man – Tom Zwiglaar, a Swiss miner
- Swanscombe Man – Alvan Marston, a dentist
Watch this video to learn more!!
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